Dexamethasone is a corticosteroid that is used to treat different heath conditions such as skin diseases, allergic disorder, asthma, brain swelling, rheumatic arthritis and problems.This drug comes in various trade names like Decadron, Dexasone, Diodex, Hexadrol, Maxidex, DexPak, Zema-Pak, etc.. It decreases the defensive response of your system and reduces symptoms. It can be treated with antibiotics to treat tuberculosis.Dexamethasone is administered to the body system through the following means:Intravenous Therapy: When the medicine in liquid form, it's administered to the body by shipping through the vein with the assistance of injections or as drips. This mode of administration is regarded as the fastest as it goes straight to the bloodstream.Intramuscular therapy: Otherwise known and abbreviated as IM. This drug delivery system is done by the assistance of injection to the muscle.Subcutaneous Injection Therapy: is one of the several system of drug administration. It is called SC and can be used to administration dexamethasone during the subcutaneous layer of the skin.Oral Administration: This entails administering dexamethasone throughout the mouth.INGREDIENTSDexamethasone Tablets USP usually contain either 0.5 mg, 0.75 mg, 1.5 mg, 2 mg, 4 mg, or 6 mg of dexamethasone USP. Each tablet also contain some inactive ingredients such as magnesium stearate, lactose, monohydrate, sugar, starch, FD&C Red, FD&C Yellow, Yellow Iron Oxide, D&C Yellow, and FD&C Blue.
Dexamethasone Oral Solution USP is formulated for oral administration contains 05.5 mg per 5 ml of dexamethasone USP. This oral solution contains some inactive ingredients such as propylene glycol, sorbitol solution, propylparaben, anhydrous citric acid, glycerin, disodium edetate and water.USES OF DEXAMETHASONE/PROSDexamethasone has various uses in anti inflammatory diseases, cancer, endocrine treatment, pregnancy, high altitude illnesses, nausea and vomiting, sore throat, and veterinary applications.Veterinary Uses:Dexamethasone is combined with clotrimazole and marbofloxacin with a brand name AURIZON as a treatment for acute earing infections especially in puppies.Dexamethasone combined with dichlormethiazide can be used to treat general swelling and bruising distal limbs in horses.Anti-inflammatory diseases:A single dose of dexamethasone in children reduces the swelling of the airway which in turns improves breathing and reduced distress. To put it differently, can be used for the treatment of CROUP in children. Dexamethasone given in a high dose functions as a counteract to allergic anaphylactic shock, Dexamethasone intravitreal steroid implant was approved by the Federal dental agency for the treatment of climatic conditions such as diabetic macular edema, central retinal vein occlusion, and uveitis, dexamethasone is present in ear drops, eye drops particularly after eye surgery and present in nasal sprays. Dexamethasone is used to treat autoimmune and inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura. Dexamethasone is given before and or after dental surgeries like the elimination of the wisdom tooth. Dexamethasone may also be treated before antibiotics in the event of bacterial meningitis to reduce inflammatory response to the murdered bacterias.Cancer:In brain tumors, dexamethasone can be used to suppress the development of edema which can compress other brain structures if not attended to, dexamethasone can be utilised as an immediate chemotherapeutic agent for the treatment of multiple myeloma.Pregnancy:Pregnancy complications may happen like premature delivery, but with the use of dexamethasone, it helps correct premature delivery by helping in the maturation of the fetus' lungs.Nausea and vomitingPeople who've had surgery experience nausea and vomiting. Administration of dexamethasone intravenously is effective for preventing nausea and vomiting from recurring.SIDE EFFECTS/CONSDexamethasone, like every other drugs has side effects they give. The regular side effects from the ingestion of dexamethasone includesDizzinessStomach upsetSore throatHeadachesTrouble in sleepingIncrease in appetiteWeight gainAcne
But if the below listed serious side effects occur, contact your doctor as soon as you noticeIncreased thirst and urinationSigns of infection like feverSlow, fast or irregular heartbeatBlack stool,HeartburnsBone painAbdominal painMental changesBleedingSeizures
PrecautionsFor those who have a fungal infection or allergic to this medication, please don't take it. Before taking dexamethasone, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you have:MalariaThyroid disorderLiver diseaseGlaucoma or cataractsTuberculosisOsteoporosisMental illnessDepressionLiver diseaseHeart failureHigh blood pressureHerpes infection of the eyesDiabetesThis medication may mask signs of infection or put you at greater risk of developing very serious ailments. Report any injuries or signs of infection (e.g., persistent sore throat/fever/cough, pain during urination, muscle aches) that occur during treatment.
This medicine may slow down a child's growth if used for a long time. Consult the doctor or pharmacist for more details. See the physician regularly so that your child's height and growth can be checked.This drug may pass into breast milk and may have undesirable effects on a nursing infant. Consult your doctor before breast- feeding.OVERDOSEAn overdose of this medication does not pose any life-threatening issues. Long term use of high does can lead to thinning skin, increased acne or facial hair, loss of interest in sex, menstrual problems and impotence.
DRUGS THAT AFFECT DEXAMETHASONEIt's not a fantastic safe to use some specific drugs in the same time because they pose a lot of risks. Make sure you tell your doctor about all the drugs you are using before taking dexamethasone such as;Insulin or diabetes medicationsBirth control pills or hormone replacement therapyBlood thinner -- Coumadin, JantovenAntibiotic or antifungal medicineMedicine to treat dementia or Parkinson diseaseCONCLUSIONThe action of the world health organization in labeling dexamethasone as an essential drug in the health care field has revealed dexamethasone to be of significance to the health of male and research demonstrating that excess dexamethasone can induce hypertension through various mechanisms demonstrate that where there is great, there is also bad. Moderation is the key to ensuring that more good than bad is what's gotten from this medication. Following the physician's prescription strictly and not self-medicating will also help to make dexamethasone us be of more good than bad.